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Title : Superposition of Cohesive Elements to Account for R-Curve Toughening in the Fracture of Composites
Company : SIMULIA
File Name : superposition-cohesive-elements-r-curve-toughen-2008.pdf
Size : 30366
Type : application/pdf
Date : 09-Jul-2011

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The relationships between a resistance curve (R-curve), the corresponding fracture process zone length, the shape of the traction/displacement softening law, and the propagation of fracture are examined in the context of the through-the-thickness fracture of composite laminates. A procedure that accounts for R-curve toughening mechanisms by superposing bilinear cohesive elements is proposed. Simple equations are developed for determining the separation of the critical energy release rates and the strengths that define the independent contributions of each bilinear softening law in the superposition. It is shown that the R-curve measured with a Compact Tension specimen test can be reproduced by superposing two bilinear softening laws. It is also shown that an accurate representation of the R-curve is essential for predicting the initiation and propagation of fracture in composite laminates.
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