- The U.S. Department of Defense announced a new Digital Engineering Strategy in June 2018 that dictates 5 key pillars in transitioning the U.S. defense industry from document-centric engineering processes to digital, model-driven processes for the design, development, manufacturing, and on-going use and sustainment of complex weapons systems. The DoD estimates that over $256B is spent annually in U.S. military system sustainment operations.
- NLign Analytics is providing mission-critical 3D digital model technologies to the DoD in support of this Digital Engineering directive to optimize product quality, minimize critical military asset downtime, and reduce total lifecycle costs.
- NLign Analytics customers are seeing up to 33% improvement in the structural integrity review process time as well as improvements in aircraft structural integrity data quality from 15% to 95% usable for decision making without relying solely on experience-based knowledge and “best guess” assumptions.
- NLign Analytics creates a robust 3D “Structural Lifecycle Digital Environment” for each weapon system, tracing structural integrity data from manufacturing through quality inspection and sustainment. This is accomplished by capturing operational in-service data, analyzing and visually displaying all 3D nonconformances, structural damage, and failure areas. This 3D visual information enables engineers to identify potential repairs and rework for each individual asset as well as across a family or fleet of similar systems.
- NLign Analytics technology is available in an easy-to-implement engineering desktop environment as well as a mobile tablet environment for part quality data analysis and 3D model interactive viewing throughout the virtual enterprise. It is being used on the manufacturing floor and in aircraft repair depots as well as by
aerospace and defense supply chain partners.
- NLign Analytics technology can also work in combination with many existing commercial tools from the major PLM, ERP, MRO, and MES solution providers and/or legacy in-house developed custom software tools for non-destructive
inspection and structural quality assessment.
Today’s Market Drivers and the Need for Change
Over the past several decades, there has been significant growth in the use of enterprise software systems for supply chain management (SCM), quality management systems (QMS), product lifecycle management (PLM), manufacturing execution systems(MES), enterprise resource planning(ERP), and maintenance, repair, and operations(MRO). However, despite these advances in digital information management technologies, the digital connection from the engineering design and manufacturing domains to in-service operations and the impact on the lifecycle quality assessment of “as-built” versus “as operated” systems has been relatively minimal in many industries. It is still common to see inefficient manual and document-based processes used to assess the in-service structural status of complex parts and systems used in mission-critical applications for military aircraft, ships, missile systems, land vehicles, and energy production facilities. Where quality assessment software tools are in use, they are often used within organizational silos where the data is not captured in a form that provides useful information to enable quick and effective decision-making.
Additionally, there are a significant number of out-of-date legacy systems currently in use. These systems lack the state of the art analytics for real-time operational data and cannot provide engineering, manufacturing, and operations personnel with the information they need to collaborate in order to make part design modifications and/or manufacturing rework decisions.1
Engineers also need accurate 3D visualization of the system in the “as-built” and “as operating” states. This allows defects leading to operational failures to be readily identified, communicated visually for collaboration with quality engineering teams, and then quickly corrected via permanent design upgrades or even temporary in-field modifications or fixes.
The U.S. DoD has recognized the urgent need for change from document-centric processes to a digital, model-driven approach due to systems sustainment cost issues and international competitive factors (i.e., warfighting superiority and operational flexibility). The DoD estimates that $256B was spent in FY2020 for military system sustainment operations with the U.S. Air Force accounting for approximately $65B of that total. 2 Despite these levels of spending on operations sustainment, of the approximately 5,400 aircraft in the Air Force fleet, the percentage that are able to fly at any given time has decreased steadily each year since fiscal year 2012, when 77.9 percent of aircraft were deemed flyable. By fiscal 2018, that airworthiness metric had plunged to 69.97 percent, according to statistics obtained by Air Force Times via the Freedom of Information Act.3
In the 2021 Department of Defense budget request document revised on May 13, 2020,4 the DoD highlights the focus on weapons systems readiness. The studies examined the strengths and weaknesses of past and current Defense Readiness Reporting Systems to determine the shortfalls of the current readiness reporting framework and to identify the areas for
improvement. They assessed and reviewed new analytical technologies that may help the Department more effectively and efficiently gather, analyze, and visualize readiness data.
As stated in this document, “In order to successfully measure the readiness of warfighting force elements, the Defense Department must:
- Improve the data quality, accessibility, and flexibility of our readiness reporting system by accessing, linking and leveraging many authoritative data sources (ADS) across the DoD.
- Increase diagnostic capabilities by providing more specific and adaptable data pertaining to factors that contribute to readiness at its current or predicted levels. Develop consistent, intuitive methods to identify root causes of readiness degradation.
- Visualize common readiness trends across the Total Force, and develop predictive models to forecast the impacts on future-readiness that result from current decisions, based on leading indicators.”
To specifically address these major challenges stated above, groups within the U.S. Air Force and U.S. Navy as well as major A&D prime contractors to DoD, have been adopting NLign Analytics technology and incorporating a 3D model-driven product quality approach into their long-established but typically much more document-based Material Review Board (MRB) processes and associated manual best practices for Structural Lifecycle Management (SLM).
An example of where the model-driven product quality approach using NLign technology has already been successfully employed is in the Air Force Aircraft Structural Integrity Program (ASIP) as applied to the A-10 close air support aircraft upgrade (see Figure 1).
Figure 1—NLign Analytics Enabled the DoD Digital Engineering Strategy in the A-10 Program
(Courtesy of NLign Analytics and U.S. DoD)
Similar asset readiness and predictive maintenance challenges and associated cost-saving opportunities also exist in the commercial airline and commercial air freight industries. According to Oliver Wyman, “Total MRO spend is expected to rise to $116 billion by 2029, up from $81.9 billion in 2019. Aside from the growth in the commercial fleet, the increase will be driven by more expensive maintenance visits and technology enhancements. The annual average growth rate for the MRO market will be 3.5 percent over the decade. More of this growth will take place between 2024 and 2029 when MRO spend will grow $19 billion versus $15 billion between 2019 and the start of 2024.”5
The NLign Analytics Technology: A Driver of Business Value
NLign Analytics has been in the business of creating engineering software solutions to identify and predict the structural integrity of large-scale systems for almost 15 years. The NLign Analytics technology was initially developed in conjunction with applied research projects in the U.S. Air Force and has since evolved into an integrated suite of commercial software applications that includes six U.S. technology patents.
So, what is special about NLign that is not found in other quality software tools or enterprise software applications such as PLM, QMS, ERP, MRO, and MES systems? The key foundational elements of the NLign Structural Lifecycle Digital Environment are:
- Ability to acquire and create the baseline “Structural Integrity Digital Twin.”
- Easily acquire and process physical inspection data from a wide variety of nondestructive inspection (NDI) and measurement sources including photos and 2D drawings and tie it to a 3D location on a digital model.
- A mobile device/tablet environment that enables manufacturing and in-service operations to enter structured data in the context of the visual 3D part.
- Align the 3D part physical inspection data and map structural failure data on to a 3D geometric digital representation of the part aligned with part/BOM numbers and assigned criticality codes (or create a 3D model if none exists).
- Ability to tie structural integrity disposition analysis to specific 3D defect locations in the physical part.
- Ability to spatially search across a fleet of aircraft to identify recurring “hot spots,” historical analysis and repairs, and identify historic repairs on a particular aircraft that could impact future repair analysis.
- Understand the “As-Built” and/or “As Maintained” state of the current structure
and enable decision making to improve manufacturing quality and/or define field
- Equip Lifecycle traceability—Track and report out structural integrity metrics over time-for a single system or across a grouping of assets (fleet characteristics).
- Enable “Digital Thread for Structural Quality”—Provide an “Authoritative Source of Truth” for structural quality and integrity across the enterprise.
- Allow Data Openness—Enable connections and integrations with enterprise systems such as PLM, QMS, ERP, MRO, MES, and in-house quality software applications.